Although the section is really titled 1.1.e (vii) Options, we it is actually referring to TCP Options. Thus you should memorize these options, and thier purpose.
Many options exist, but these are the only used ones:
End of options list = denotes the end of the TCP options, always comes at the end
NOP = padding to align options on 32 bit boundaries
Maximum segment size = Only used on SYN, hosts exchange their TCP MSS
Window scale = Only used on Syn, hosts determine how big their windows can be multiplied by
SACK PERMITTED = only used on syn to show that client is sack capable
Timestamp = timestamp host received this packet